Glaucoma is a disease that involves damage to the optic nerve caused by a build-up of pressure in the eye. The optic nerve sends signals from the eye to the brain, where they are processed into what we “see”. When pressure in the eye is too high, damage to the nerve begins.

Initially, the patient may experience no symptoms. But after a while, peripheral vision loss begins. Vision loss continues to form a ring around the central visual field. Eventually, if left untreated, blindness may occur.


Glaucoma can be managed either medically or surgically depending on the nature and extent of the disease. It is imperative not to neglect this disease, as once damage to the optic nerve has occurred; these changes are irreversible.