A cataract is an opacification (white darkening) of the lens of the eye. It causes progressive , painless loss of vision.

eye cataracts
Cataracts can be caused by:
  • Ageing – most common cause
  • Trauma or eye injury
  • Endocrine diseases e.g. diabetes mellitus
  • Chronic eye infection
  • Extended use of corticosteroids  ( eye drops/tablets)
  • Glaucoma
  • Congenital – rubella in pregnancy

Surgery is usually performed under local anaesthetic.

Small incision cataract surgery is performed to remove the cataract. The cataract is broken up by ultrasound waves and is replaced with an artificial lens.