What is opthalmology?

Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with all aspects of eye disease.

The word ophthalmology is derived from the Greek word ‘ophthalmos’ meaning or eye and ‘logos’ meaning knowledge.

The science of ophthalmology includes a vast range of disciplines such as anatomy, physiology, genetics and pathology of the eye.  Ophthalmologists (synonymous with ophthalmic surgeon) are the clinical specialists that correct eye problems either medically or surgically.

For a small organ such as the eye, there are a remarkable number of pathologies that ophthalmologists treat.  These diverse fields in ophthalmology include cataract surgery; the treatment of glaucoma; retinal disease (including treatment of diabetic retinopathy); treatment of corneal disease; refractive surgery ( which includes LASIK eye surgery);  paediatric ophthalmology (which includes strabismus/squint surgery); eye trauma; and neuro-ophthalmology.

 Did you know…

anatomy of the eye

Anatomy of the eye

· The average person blinks 12 times per minute

· The eye has more than 2 million working parts

· Our eye is 576 mega pixels

· The cornea is the only tissue that does not require blood

· The eye can process 36000 bits of information every hour

· The eyeball weighs approximately 28g

· It is impossible to sneeze with the eyes open